Paper Information

Journal:   QURANIC & HADITH STUDIES   FALL 2008- WINTER 2009 , Volume - , Number 81/3; Page(s) 63 To 82.
 
Paper: 

AN GLANCE AT SOCIAL CRITICISM IN THE QUR'AN (PAGAN SOCIETY AND GENEROSITY)

 
 
Author(s):  IMANIYAN HUSAYN, IRAVANIZADA ABDULGHANI
 
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Abstract: 

A brief look at the Holy Qur'an would clearly show that some of its verses have been revealed in criticizing the pagan (jahili) community contemporary to the time of Revelation, a criticism that is free from the deficiencies and defects of human criticism. Different kinds of criticisms-such as social, literary, historical, and psychological-are seen in the Holy Qur'an and this allows us to name the Qur'an as the first book of the Muslims. Although the appellations of many of the above-mentioned criticisms are newly devised, most of them are in truth rooted in the Qur'an. The present research is a brief glance at the most significant features of social criticism in the Qur'an and its difference with a human-type criticism as well as statement of various methods used by the Qur'an in examining the pagan and Islamic conducts of that era. In this respect, the writers examine the issue of bounty and generosity with the pagan Arabs and conclude that their attribute of generosity is not as strong as it has become known to be and the attribution of generosity to the pre-Islamic Arabs has been greatly exaggerated. The writers' reasons for this claim is the writings of some historians, Nahj al-Balagha, the thoughts and behavior of the vagabonds and tramps (s‘alik), and more important of all reference to the Holy Qur'an. That is to say, contrary to the pagan poetry that usually introduces the Arabs as very generous, the Qur'an's emphasis on the necessity of infaq (spend in charity) would reveal a kind of contradiction to the contemporary reader in a reverse balance manner.

 
Keyword(s): THE QUR'AN, SOCIAL CRITICISM, QUR'ANIC AND HUMAN CRITICISM, PAGAN SOCIETY, GENEROSITY, INFAQ
 
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