Paper Information

Journal:   VETERINARY CLINICAL PATHOLOGY (VETERINARY JOURNAL TABRIZ)   FALL 2009 , Volume 3 , Number 3 (11); Page(s) 579 To 590.
 
Paper: 

EVALUATING THE EFFECT OF ADMINISTRATING HYPERTONIC AND ISOTONIC SALINE SOLUTIONS ON CLINICAL IMPROVEMENT, SERUM ELECTROLYTE CONCENTRATIONS AND RENAL FUNCTION OF CALVES AFFECTED BY DIARRHEA

 
 
Author(s):  HASANPOUR A.*, AMOUGLI TABRIZI B., REZAIE SABER A.P., IMANDAR M.
 
* DEPARTMENT OF CLINICAL SCIENCES, FACULTY OF VETERINARY MEDICINE, ISLAMIC AZAD UNIVERSITY, TABRIZ BRANCH, TABRIZ, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

This study was conducted on 40 calves under the age of one mouth with 30 calves affected by diarrhea allocated to 3 treatment groups of 10 calves each and the control group consisting of 10 calves. The control group received neither treatment nor any injections. In the first treatment group, only antibiotics were administered without any fluid therapy. In the second treatment group, apart from antibiotic therapy of diarrhea, hypertonic saline solution (7.5%) was administered at a dose of 5 ml/kg as slow intravenous infusion alongside oral ORS solution whereas in the third treatment group isotonic saline solution (0.9%) was given intravenously according to the formula (Body weight ´ %Dehydration) alongside oral ORS solution. In all groups, clinical examination and blood sampling was undertaken at times 0, 1, 2, 8 and 24 hours following treatment. At time 0, the diarrhea had resulted in clinical and laboratory signs such as a fever, the dehydration, tachycardia, oligopnea, increased packed sell volume, hypernatremia, hyperchloremia, hyperkalemia, hyperphosphatemia, hypercalcemia, increased serum creatinine and BUN values. Following treatment, fever subsided and the dehydration was corrected and this correction occurred faster in calves which had received hypertonic saline solution. Correction of sodium, potassium, chloride, phosphorus and calsium imbalance occurred faster in patients which were treated by hypertonic solution. Fluid therapy with saline solutions prevented the increase in serum creatinine and BUN values. In conclusion, the administration of hypertonic saline solutions leads to much faster and more reliable clinical improvement and electrolyte imbalance correction in calves affected by diarrhea. 

 
Keyword(s): HYPERTONIC SALINE SOLUTION, ISOTONIC SALINE SOLUTION, CLINICAL IMPROVEMENT, ELECTROLYTE, DIARRHEA, CALF
 
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