Paper Information

Journal:   ISLAMIC PHILOSOPHY & THEOLOGY (ISLAMIC STUDIES (KALAM))   SPRING-SUMMER 2009 , Volume - , Number 82/2; Page(s) 115 To 146.
 
Paper: 

MANIFESTATION OF DIVINE UNITY IN HUMAN SOUL FROM THE VIEWPOINTS OF IBN ‘ARABIAND MULLA SADRA

 
 
Author(s):  SHAJARI MURTADA*
 
* DEPARTMENT OF PHILOSOPHY, TABRIZ UNIVERSITY
 
Abstract: 

Islam stresses on the unity of God, and as Muslim thinkers mostly view the human being as God's vicegerent who is an object of manifestation for Divine Attributes and who enjoys Divine Image, and in one respect, regard man as a rational soul, therefore human soul (nafs)-although having various faculties-like

 Almighty God, enjoys unity. Of course, numerous interpretations of this unity of soul have been presented based on particular intellectual foundations of each thinker. Ibn ‘Arabibelieves that as the Almighty God is a One that has manifested in multitudes and the multitudes represent His Oneness, human soul is also a one that is manifested in different faculties that represent his means and tools. Mulla Ṣadra views the relation between soul and faculties and its acts as similar to Unity of Divine Acts. To his opinion, human soul is all sensual, hallucinatory, imaginative, and rational faculties; and that, every one who is cognizant of the reality of being and its modes will grasp this intricate issue.

 
Keyword(s): SOUL, FACULTIES OF THE SOUL, ACTS OF THE SOUL, UNITY, DIVINE VICEGERENT
 
References: 
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