Paper Information

Journal:   TEXTUAL CRITICISM OF PERSIAN LITERATURE (RESEARCHES ON PERSIAN LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE)   FALL 2010 , Volume 46 , Number 7; Page(s) 77 To 96.
 
Paper:  CONTINUATION OF IRANSHAHRI THOUGHTS IN KALILEH VA DEMNE
 
Author(s):  ZAHIRINAV B., NAVAKHTI MOGHADDAM A., MAMIZADEH M.
 
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Abstract: 

In this essay, Iranshahri’s thoughts such as ideal king, divine charisma, togetherness of religion and kingdom, justice, truth etc in kalileh va Demneh are investigated. In Kalileh and Demneh, kingdom is a divine gift and the king is at the center of the state affairs. Therefore, affection and kindness must be imprinted on his forehead; otherwise he would be a devilish creature who disturbs governing orders of the universe. He must metaphysically be supported in the circus of governmental affairs, and this is possible only by divine charisma. Such a king must be decorated with justice ornament, so that everybody does his best in his own special class and approaches the salvation of soul. The king must also be decorated with accomplishments such as battle assistance and with virtues such as religion assistance. He must strengthen the social connection by “truth”. Basically, without truth life has no harmony because falsehood diverts life form its regular direction. But finally, with the dominance of divine forces over devilish ones, utopia, which is a secure place for releasing from disorder and injustice, is proven to be true. Therefore, we conclude that Kalileh and Demneh have a contribution to the continuation of Iranshahri’s thoughts and also to the historical and cultural continuation of Iran in transition to the Islamic period.

 
Keyword(s): KALILEH AND DEMNEH, IRANSHARI’S THOUGHTS, IDEAL KING, DIVINE CHARISMA
 
References: 
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