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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF SHAHID SADOUGHI UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES AND HEALTH SERVICES   JUNE-JULY 2010 , Volume 18 , Number 2 (70); Page(s) 78 To 83.
 
Paper: 

NOVEL MITOCHONDRIAL HOMOPLASMIC T4216C MUTATION IN IRANIAN PATIENTS WITH FRIEDREICH ATAXIA

 
 
Author(s):  HEIDARI M.M., KHATAMI MEHRI
 
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Abstract: 

Introduction: The mitochondrial defects in Friedreich ataxia (FRDA) have been reported in many researches. Friedreich ataxia is an autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disorder caused by decreased expression of the Frataxin protein. Frataxin deficiency leads to excessive free radical production and dysfunction of respiratory chain complexes. Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) could be considered as a candidate modifier factor for FRDA disease. It prompted us to focus on the mtDNA and monitor the nucleotide changes of genome which are probably the cause of respiratory chain defects and reduced ATP generation.
Methods: We searched the mitochondrial NADH dehydroganase I (ND1) gene by PCR-TTGE and DNA fragments showing abnormal banding patterns were sequenced for the identification of exact mutations.
Results: In 20 patients, we detected 3 mtDNA mutations which is novel in Friedreich ataxia. T4216C mutation results in conversion of Tyrosine to Histidine in 313 amino acid locations in ND1 and bioinformatics studies show that ND1 protein loses sixth intramembrane α chain. Conclusion: Our results showed that ND1 gene mutations in FRDA samples are higher than normal controls (P<0.001). It is possible that mutations in mtDNA could constitute a predisposing factor in combination with environmental risk factors that could affect the age of onset and rate of disease progression.

 
Keyword(s): FRIEDREICH ATAXIA, MTDNA, NADH DEHYDROGENASE 1 (ND1) GENE, MUTATION, TTGE
 
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