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Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF BIOTECHNOLOGY   JANUARY 2011 , Volume 9 , Number 1; Page(s) 21 To 30.
 
Paper: 

IDENTIFICATION AND MAPPING OF QUANTITATIVE TRAIT LOCI ASSOCIATED WITH SALINITY TOLERANCE IN RICE (ORYZA SATIVA) USING SSR MARKERS

 
 
Author(s):  AHMADI JAFAR*, FOTOKIAN M.H.
 
* DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURAL BIOTECHNOLOGY, INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF IMAM KHOMEINI, QAZVIN, I.R. IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Salinity stress is one of the most widespread soil problems next to drought, in rice growing areas. Reducing Sodium (Na+), while maintaining Potassium (K+) uptake in rice are traits that would aidin salinity tolerance. Therefore, the identification of quantitative trait loci (QTLs) associated with those for Na+ and K+ uptake, will enable breeders to use marker-assisted selection to transfer QTLs into elite lines in rice improvement programs. In view of this, 62 advanced backcross-inbred lines (BILs), at the BC2F5 generation, derived from the cross of Tarome-Molaei (salt tolerant) and Tiqing (Salt sensitive), were used to identify the QTLs involved in salinity stress tolerance, using SSR markers. Advanced backcross inbred lines along with their parents were evaluated for six parameters viz. Sodium (Na+) and Potassium (K+) in roots and shoots and the Na+/K+ ratio, using the modified Yoshida’s nutrient solution at an electrical conductivity of 6 and 12 dS/m. A total of 114, out of 235 simple sequence repeats (SSRs) markers that showed polymorphism in the parents, were used to genotype the BILs. A linkage map was constructed with an average interval of 15.3 centiMorgan (cM) between the markers, spanning 1747.3 cM across all 12 rice chromosomes. Using the composite interval mapping (CIM) and a minimum logarithm of the odds (LOD) threshold of 3.0, a total of 14 QTLs were detected as follows; on chromosome 1 (5 QTLs), 3 (1QTL), 4 (3 QTLs), 5 (2 QTLs), 6 (1 QTL), and 8 (2 QTLs) for all six traits except, Sodium (Na+) in the shoot. The phenotypic variation explained by these QTLs ranged from 9 to 30% of the total variation. A QTL (QKr1.2) for K+ content in the root was identified with the highest LOD score (7.8), on chromosome 1. This QTL explicated 30% of the total variation and was identified as a major QTL conferring salt tolerance in rice.

 
Keyword(s): QTL, RICE, SALINITY, SSR
 
References: 
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