Paper Information

Journal:   CO - OPERATION AND AGRICULTURE (TAAVON)   MAY-JUNE 2009 , Volume 20 , Number 202-203; Page(s) 115 To 126.
 
Paper: 

SOCIAL MOVEMENTS AND CO-OPERATIVES: IMPLICATIONS FOR HISTORY AND DEVELOPMENT

 
 
Author(s):  FAIRBAIRN B.*
 
* DIRECTOR OF CENTRE FOR THE STUDY OF CO-OPERATIVES, UNIVERSITY OF SASKATCHEWAN
 
Abstract: 

Co-operatives are enterprises that exist to provide economic services to their members. They could emerge, theoretically, in almost any sector of the economy and in any time and community setting in modern history. And yet, they do not emerge at all times and places: historically, the development of co-operatives has been clustered in certain eras, in certain fields of activity, and in certain regions. There are numerous reasons for this clustering, but one of them is external to the co-operatives themselves and their immediate economic concerns. Where large numbers of co-operatives have been created, this has usually been due, if not to state action from above, then to the activities of social movements.
The importance of social movements has been neglected both in analysis of current prospects for cooperative development, and in cooperatives understanding of their own history. In developed countries with mature co-operative movements, co-operative history tends to be institutionalized: the social movement context is lost or forgotten. In developing countries, the state has frequently played a large role and has often attempted to create co-operatives without attention to surrounding social movements or the lack thereof.
To appreciate the role of social movements means re-thinking cooperative history, with direct implications for all those interested today in the creation of new co-operatives or in the revitalization of old ones.

 
Keyword(s): SOCIAL MOVEMENTS, CO-OPERATIVE DEVELOPMENT, CO-OPERATIVE HISTORY
 
References: 
  • ندارد
 
  Persian Abstract Yearly Visit 318
 
Latest on Blog
Enter SID Blog