Paper Information

Journal:   HONAR-HA-YE-ZIBA (HONAR-HA-YE-NAMAYESHI-VA-MOOSIGHI)   FALL 2009 , Volume - , Number 38; Page(s) 95 To 103.
 
Paper: 

THE EFFECTS OF THE PHONETIC CHARACTERS OF PERSIAN LANGUAGE ON VOCAL MUSIC

 
 
Author(s):  MOHAMMADI KALESAR ALIREZA*, REZAYATI KISHEH KHALEH MOHARAM
 
* FACULTY OF LITERATURE AND HUMANITIES, GUILAN UNIVERSITY, GUILAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

One of the most important issues in the composition of Iranian songs is the selection as well as the recitation of the poem. The significance of this idea can be only viewed in the function of the poetry in forming musical phrases. In this article, two phonetic characters have been studied and their position reviewed as they appear in the "Radif-e Avazi-ye Mahmud Karimi"; The effect of duration of syllable on forming rhythm and The effect of stress on melody. The researches done on language communicate with Iranian music could be descript with two approach. The first approach is emphasized on the meaning of the poetry. These researches have focused on how to utter the poetry and to transfer its meaning by words. The works of Hossein dehlavi (1378), Majid kiani (1371), Mohammad Reza Lotfi (1381), Mansour A' azami kia (1377) and Ruhollah khaleghi (1377) is found on this approach. The second approach in these studies is found on rhythm. Hossein Dehlavi (1378) in his study compares short, long and very long (Keshide) syllables with notes in music. Also, Majid Kiani (1371) have investigated this cases on rhythm in Iranian traditional song. Attention to the duration of syllable, also, could be seen in researches done on music of poetry. These researches are found on the metrical theory. This article intend to investigate Persian language communicate with Iranian music on the basis of linguistic theories. In the other word, this research intends to know the influences of some of the phonetically characters in poetry on forming musical patterns. Therefore, after selection the 15 samples from figures of "Radif-e Mahmud Karimi" have been searched in these items: The identity between the duration of syllable in Persian words and duration of notes. This identity can cause to forming rhythm in Iranian song. - Producing melodic patterns in Iranian song by changing frequency in stressed syllable and changing intonation in Persian sentences. (Interrogative, conditional, imperative, compound, ...). The main object of this article is descript the similarity between the structure of musical specialties of the Persian language and the same ones in the sentences of "Musiqi Dastgahi". In the other word, this research wants to reach to the effect of these characters in poetry, on firming musical patterns. The results of this study are as follows: the duration of syllable in poetry' s words can assign temporal forming notes in Iranian song. Also, in level of stress, the transforming frequency in Persian stress creates the melodic patterns in "Radif-e Avazi". The arrangement of stresses in the syntactical phrases is not usually conforms to the investigated samples. It is because of some distance between the syllables in Iranian song. In the level of sentences and phrases, the variety of the intonation in the sentences of Persian language proportionate with some of the figures in "Radif-e Avazi". These cases cause to some of the techniques like temporarily stopping before"Shahed", also adding a syllable to words' syllables.

 
Keyword(s): STRESS, DURATION OF SYLLABLE, INTONATION, AVAZ, MAHMUD KARIMI
 
References: 
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