Paper Information

Journal:   HONAR-HA-YE-ZIBA (HONAR-HA-YE-NAMAYESHI-VA-MOOSIGHI)   FALL 2009 , Volume - , Number 38; Page(s) 25 To 34.
 
Paper: 

BARENGER AND THE TRANSFORMATION OF HIS CHARACTER IN THE PLAYES OF EUGENE IONESCO

 
 
Author(s):  KAMYABI MASK AHMAD*, ESBATI BENYAMIN
 
*  DEPARTMENT OF DRAMATIC ARTS, SCHOOL OF PERFORMING ARTS AND MUSIC, COLLEGE OF FINE ARTS, UNIVERSITY OF TEHRAN, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Eugene lonesco, a famous dramatist of the 20th century, was one of the founders of the avant-garde movement in drama. Although his style throughout the history of drama has been called the 'theatre of the absurd', lonesco himself, not only omitted this title from his works, but also registered his works under a new label known as 'ommitted theatre' also known as' the human theatre' or 'the fighter theatre' . lonesco is a committed writer and creates anti-absurd yet significant plays. His theatre is a reflection of his era, an approach which gives his plays a global image thus making them eternal and everlasting.
lonesco's writings went on sage when the world was under the influence of Marx, Freud, Darwin, and Einstein and Europe had already experienced the two world wars. Hopelessness ruled over the people of the world and it was through these plays that lonesco and other avantgarde play writes tried to polish the caotic conditions of the human world and give an image of hope and optimism toward the continuation of life. With regard to the type of their thoughts and writings in the afore said condition, we can guess that not only their theater is not absurd, but it is anti-absurd. They wanted to make people think about their conditions. Eugene lonesco suffered many ups and downs in his life: emigration, the divorce of his father and mother, moving against the intellectual currents of his time, resisting against the followers of power and power fans. All these sufferings turned his thoughts to the effective ones in society. By creating a character named "Berenger", he created one of the most memorable characters of the word' s drama. Berenger is present in four of his plays: The Killer, Rhinoceros, Stroll in the Air and Exit the King, as the only non-hero of Eugene lonesco, whose resistance in reviving the humanity and morality, has changed his character to a pure human. Describing Berenger's speech and behavior in these four plays, takes him beyond a normal human and has made his thoughts. Global, the thoughts which can be seen in Eugene lonesco' s mind. Berenger, in The Killer, ascends from an ordinary -person to a positive rebellion, then h.e falls to a normal philanthropy and in Rhinoceros, he gets bored of philanthropy and falls to an ordinary life and after a while which is fluctuating between ordinary life and philanthropy, goes up to a positive rebellion in Stroll in the Air which has returned to a negative rebellion and also philanthropy, he flies to seek the highest desire in dream, and returns to the land; and in Exit the King, he fluctuates among the normal life, the negative and positive rebellions, and philanthropy so that finally he dies and this is his late flight into the sky. In this paper, we have studied the changing of Berenger's character in four mentioned plays and have found his relationship with Eugene lonesco' s personal life.

 
Keyword(s): EUGENE LONESCO, BERENGER, HUMANITY, RHINOCEROS, CHANGE OF CHARACTER
 
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