Paper Information

Journal:   BINA   WINTER 2011 , Volume 16 , Number 2 (63); Page(s) 130 To 135.
 
Paper: 

EPIDEMIOLOGY OF ACUTE OCULAR CHEMICAL INJURY AT LABBAFINEJAD MEDICAL CENTER DURING 2004

 
 
Author(s):  JAFARINASAB M.R.*, MIRDEHGHAN A., MOHAMMAD NASHTAIE E., RABANIKHAH Z., PARCHEGANI M.R.
 
* OPHTHALMIC RESEARCH CENTER, SHAHID BEHESHTI UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Purpose: To evaluate the prevalence of acute ocular chemical injuries in patients referred to Labbafinejad Medical Center (LMC) over a period of one year.
Methods: All patients with chemical bums referred to LMC emergency ophthalmology service were included in the study. Demographic characteristics and information regarding the bum were obtained.
Visual acuity assessment and slit lamp examination were performed in all cases. The Hughes-Roper-Hall classification was used for grading the severity of ocular bums.
Results: Of 25, 486 patients referred to the LMC emergency ophthalmology service over one year, 219 (0.36%) were due to chemical injuries including 179 (81.9%) male and 40 (18.3%) female subjects. Chemical injuries were more common in the 20-30 year age group which included 68 subjects (31.5%). The most common causes of chemical injury were occupational injury in 102 cases (46.6%); 119 cases (54.3%) were referred during the first hour after injury, in 99 cases (45.2%) the cause of injury was acid material and in 32 cases (14.6%) the bum was Alkaline. Grade I bum was seen in 155 cases (69.8%) and grade IV in 5 cases (2.25%). Grading of the injury was not related to the causative agent.
Conclusion: The incidence of chemical bums is less than 1% of patients to referred the emergency ophthalmology service. Acids are the most common materials causing chemical eye bums and occupational accidents are the most common cause.

 
Keyword(s): BURNS, CHEMICAL, EYE INJURIES
 
References: 
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