Paper Information

Journal:   LITERARY CRITICISM   SUMMER 2010 , Volume 3 , Number 10; Page(s) 115 To 142.
 
Paper: 

A STUDY OF THE ELEMENTS OF THE TEXT WORLD THEORY IN NAJDI’S THE PANTHERS WHO HAVE RUN WITH ME BASED ON A COGNITIVE POETICS APPROACH

 
 
Author(s):  SADEGHI ESFEHANI L.*
 
* ALLAMEH TABATABAEE UNIVERSITY
 
Abstract: 

Connecting the literary text world to reader’s world as well as reading all signifying aspect of a fiction’s world is not achievable by literary criticism. As a result, it seems that there is a necessity for a theory which can study the text world scientifically and in terms of literary creativity. In other words, there is the need for a theory that can pave the way for a scientific survey of literature. In order to evaluate the text world theory, in this article, it has been tried to analyze all the fictions in the collection The Panthers Who have Run with Me by Bijan Najdi, an Iranian writer. The question raised in this paper is, accordingly, whether text world theory can identify the elements which structure Najdi’s fiction narration. Then how is Nadji distinguished from other authors with respect to the production and reception of his text world? The hypothesis of this paper is that the three layers “discourse world”, “text world”, “text sub-world” each constitutes a part of the narration. With reference to the second question, it can be claimed that Najdi produces a cohesive discourse world in his book by creating and drawing on some common elements in all his fictions. In this way, in fact, he connects the seemingly separate fictions. It should be noted that according to Najdi’s text world’s reading, every world can embed another world inside and create an underlying fiction by different narrative techniques. Finally, a remarkable feature of Najdi’s works is the production of sub-stories by underlying or sub-text worlds, which activate underlying stories.

 
Keyword(s): TEXT WORLD, TEXT DISCOURSE, TEXT SUB-WORLD, COGNITIVE POETICS, THE PANTHERS WHO HAVE RUN WITH ME
 
References: 
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