Paper Information

Journal:   INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY (IJNN)   2010 , Volume 10 , Number 7 (4TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON TECHNOLOGICAL ADVANCED OF THIN FILMS AND SURFACE COATING); Page(s) 4777 To 4781.
 
Paper: 

FORMATION OF NANOCRYSTALLINE LAYERS BY SURFACE SEVERE PLASTIC DEFORMATION AND PULSED PLASMA ELECTROLYTIC CARBURIZING

 
 
Author(s):  ALIOFKHAZRAEI M., ROUHAGHDAM A.S.
 
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Abstract: 

Surfaces of various kinds of metallic materials spheres were treated by nanocrystalline surface severe plastic deformation and then pulsed nanocrystalline plasma electrolytic carburizing to study nanocrystalline substrate effect on formation and nano-hardness of hard nanocrystalline layer. The surface layers of the metallic materials developed by the nanocrystalline surface severe plastic deformation were characterized by means of high resolution scanning electron microscope. Nearly equiaxed nanocrystals with grain sizes ranging from 15 to 90 nm were observed in the near surface regions of all metallic materials, which are low carbon steel and commercially pure titanium. The effect of substrate nanocrystallization on growth kinetics and hardness of formed nanocrystalline carbide layer was studied with the means of figure analysis and nanohardness tests. Figure analysis show the length to diameter ratio and distribution curve of nanocrystals and it has been found that the achieved properties of hard layer (growth rate, nano-hardness, nanostructure ...) are related to these factors. It was also clarified that these techniques and surface nanocrystallization can be easily achieved in most of metallic materials. Results indicate that the resultant hardened carburized layers exhibited excellent hardness profile. Investigation of the layer characteristics showed strong dependence followed from the treatment experimental parameters as well as the shape of nanocrystals.

 
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