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Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN SOUTH MEDICAL JOURNAL (ISMJ)   MARCH 2011 , Volume 14 , Number 1; Page(s) 31 To 40.
 
Paper: 

FAUNA AND MONTHLY ACTIVITY OF SAND FLIES IN THE FOCUS OF CUTANEOUS LEISHMANIASIS IN BUSHEHR DISTRICT (2007-2008)

 
 
Author(s):  FOROUZANI A.*, KHAJEIAN A., DARABI H., FOULADVAND M., NABIPOUR I.
 
* SCHOOL OF HEALTH, BUSHEHR UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, BUSHEHR, IRAN, POSTAL CODE: 7514633341
 
Abstract: 
Background: Cutaneous Leishmaniasis is one of the endemic diseases in Bushehr Province, which its prevalence has increased in some districts, as well as Bushehr district recently. This is essential to access minute information about epidemiology of diseases (Parasite, Vector, Reservior), in order to achieve effective control of disease. One of the basic information in respect of controlling measures, is the knowledge and information of fauna and monthly activities of vectors which is essential, because ignoring of different biological aspects of vectors, could cause failure to control strategies.
Methods: This is a descriptive- cross sectional study, carried out in four villages of Bushehr district (2007-2008) which were affected by cutaneous Leishmaniasis. Sand flies were collected by standard sticky traps, and identified by electric microscope, using reliable identification keys.
Results: Sixteen species. (six Phelebotomus and ten Sergentomyia) were identified from a total of 15952 sand flies caught for this study, out of which eight species are reported for the first time in Bushehr district, namely: Phelobotomus mongolensis, P.caucasicus, P.ansari, Sergentomyia tiberiadis, S.clydei, S.antenata, S.iranica, S.palestiensis. Monthly activity of sand flies starts in mid March and ends by the end of December. The peack of sand flies monthly activities is in June, while the peack activity of P.papatasi is in the end of July.
Conclusion: Considering nine months activity period of sand flies in Bushehr district, and their peack of activities, specially for P.paptasi, it is suggested that the controlling measures to be administrated in July.
 
Keyword(s): LEISHMANIASIS, PHLEBETOMUS, SAND FLY, BUSHEHR
 
 
References: 
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Citations: 
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APA: Copy

FOROUZANI, A., & KHAJEIAN, A., & DARABI, H., & FOULADVAND, M., & NABIPOUR, I. (2011). FAUNA AND MONTHLY ACTIVITY OF SAND FLIES IN THE FOCUS OF CUTANEOUS LEISHMANIASIS IN BUSHEHR DISTRICT (2007-2008). IRANIAN SOUTH MEDICAL JOURNAL (ISMJ), 14(1), 31-40. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=191357



Vancouver: Copy

FOROUZANI A., KHAJEIAN A., DARABI H., FOULADVAND M., NABIPOUR I.. FAUNA AND MONTHLY ACTIVITY OF SAND FLIES IN THE FOCUS OF CUTANEOUS LEISHMANIASIS IN BUSHEHR DISTRICT (2007-2008). IRANIAN SOUTH MEDICAL JOURNAL (ISMJ). 2011 [cited 2021June22];14(1):31-40. Available from: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=191357



IEEE: Copy

FOROUZANI, A., KHAJEIAN, A., DARABI, H., FOULADVAND, M., NABIPOUR, I., 2011. FAUNA AND MONTHLY ACTIVITY OF SAND FLIES IN THE FOCUS OF CUTANEOUS LEISHMANIASIS IN BUSHEHR DISTRICT (2007-2008). IRANIAN SOUTH MEDICAL JOURNAL (ISMJ), [online] 14(1), pp.31-40. Available: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=191357.



 
 
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