Paper Information

Journal:   INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF AUTOMOTIVE ENGINEERING   JANUARY 2011 , Volume 1 , Number 1; Page(s) 47 To 56.
 
Paper: 

PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS OF A VARIABLE GEOMETRY TURBOCHARGER USING MEAN LINE METHOD

 
 
Author(s):  MAHDAVINIA JAVAD*, KESHAVARZ A., MOSHREFI M.H.
 
* FACULTY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING, K.N. TOOSI UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 
Turbocharging an engine boosts its power by increasing the amount of input air. This task is accomplished by using the exhaust gas to power a turbine which is engaged with a compressor. The Variable Geometry Turbocharger, VGT is a unique turbocharger that the diffuser vane angle can be changed over a wide range of positions. The mathematics of turbomachinery flow analysis is intensive and uses iterative methods. Most of the flow analyses in the area of turbochargers are either experimental or numerical. Three-dimensional Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD), two-dimensional multiple streamline and one dimensional mean line is the three primary numerically available methods. In this paper a mean line method has been used for predicting the performance of a centrifugal compressor with variable diffuser vane angle position at subcritical Mach numbers. The calculation is based on common thermodynamic and aerodynamic principles, and empirical correlations for losses in a mean line analyses. The model calculates the velocities, pressures, temperatures, pressure losses, work consumption, and efficiencies for a specified set of turbocharger geometry, atmospheric conditions, rotational speed, and fluid mass flow rate. The obtained numerical results are validated with the in house measured experimental data and good agreement observed. The purpose for compressor model analysis is to generate overall characteristic map and identify the impact of the diffuser vane angles on the performance. The overall characteristic map is generated by this method demonstrate very good agreement and the effect of variable vane angle in pressure ratio and operating range observed.
 
Keyword(s): MEAN LINE METHOD, TURBOCHARGER, CENTRIFUGAL COMPRESSOR, PERFORMANCE
 
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