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Paper Information

Journal:   LITERARY CRITICISM   SPRING 2008 , Volume 1 , Number 1; Page(s) 73 To 89.
 
Paper: 

RELATIVISM IN MODERN LITERARY CRITICSM

 
 
Author(s):  PAYANDEH HOSSEIN*
 
* ALLAMEH TABATABA'I UNIVERSITY
 
Abstract: 
An axiom of modern critical theories, relativism is the outcome of the intellectual developments which can be traced back to Husserl’s phenomenological philosophy and in critical theory has been particularly associated with the theorists of the Constance School in the second half of the twentieth century. Prior to the emergence of these theories, critical theory was principally oriented towards attempting to find a changeless meaning in a text. This absolutist approach considered the ultimate goal of literary criticism to be the “uncovering” of a meaning concealed in the text by the author as its Supreme Authority. The first part of this paper discusses the background to this absolutism in the nineteenth century and argues that even the New Criticism, which in the first few decades of the twentieth century purported to free the text from the boundaries of the author’s biography and such extrinsic considerations as history, failed ultimately to rid itself from anti-relativism in literary criticism. The next part argues that the phenomenological approach, by questioning the validity of the subject/object duality, paved the way for relativism as an influential view in literary criticism. Hans Robert Jauss and Volfgang Iser’s introducing of Reception Theory contributed greatly to advocating the idea that critical practice has an intersubjective nature and is therefore necessarily relative.
 
Keyword(s): RELATIVISM, TRADITIONAL CRITICISM, THE NEW CRITICISM, RECEPTION THEORY, HORIZON OF EXPECTATIONS, CONCRETISATION
 
 
References: 
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Click to Cite.
APA: Copy

PAYANDEH, H. (2008). RELATIVISM IN MODERN LITERARY CRITICSM. LITERARY CRITICISM, 1(1), 73-89. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=189921



Vancouver: Copy

PAYANDEH HOSSEIN. RELATIVISM IN MODERN LITERARY CRITICSM. LITERARY CRITICISM. 2008 [cited 2021May12];1(1):73-89. Available from: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=189921



IEEE: Copy

PAYANDEH, H., 2008. RELATIVISM IN MODERN LITERARY CRITICSM. LITERARY CRITICISM, [online] 1(1), pp.73-89. Available: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=189921.



 
 
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