Paper Information

Journal:   THE JOURNAL OF QAZVIN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES   WINTER 2011 , Volume 14 , Number 4 (57); Page(s) 35 To 41.
 
Paper: 

EPIDEMIOLOGICAL FEATURES OF ROTAVIRAL, BACTERIAL, AND PARASITIC INFECTIONS AMONG HOSPITALIZED CHILDREN IN JAHROM (2006-2007)

 
 
Author(s):  KARGAR MOHAMMAD*, AKBARIZADEH A.R., YAGHOUBI RAMIN
 
* DEPARTMENT OF MICROBIOLOGY, ISLAMIC AZAD UNIVERSITY, JAHROM, IRAN
 
Abstract: 
Background: Rotavirus is one of the most common cause of diarrhea and one of the major causes of sever gastroenteritis in very young children.
Objective: To follow up and genotype the agents of rotavirus infection as well as assessing the bacterial and parasitic organisms among hospitalized children with gastroenteritis in the city of Jahrom, Iran.
Methods: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study carried out during October 2006 to October 2007. A total of 163 stool samples from hospitalized children less than 5 years old with severe diarrhea were collected from two hospitals in Jahrom. Culture, microscopy, EIA, and RT-PCR were used for detection of bacterial, parasitic and rotaviral agents. Data were analyzed using SPSS 14 and descriptive statistics including chi-square test, ANOVA, and Fisher exact test. A p value less than 0.05 was considered to be statistically significant.
Finding: Of total samples, 46.02% were positive for group A rotavirus by EIA. The predominant genotypes were G1 (17.33%), G4 (30.66%), and nontypable (30.66%). Also, E. coli, Shigella spp. , Shigella spp. + E. coli, E. coli + rotavirus, Salmonella spp. , E. histolytica/E.Dispar, and other infectious agents were identified in 7.97%, 17.18%, 1.83%, 15.20%, 3.66%, 10.84%, and 6.28% of cases, respectively.
Conclusion: According to the data obtained from the present study, rotavirus infections in Jahrom mostly occur within the cold months of the year, epidemiologically.
 
Keyword(s): GASTROENTERITIS, ROTAVIRUS, GENOTYPING, BACTERIA, PARASITE, INFANT
 
References: 
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