Paper Information

Journal:   INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH (IJER)   WINTER 2011 , Volume 5 , Number 1; Page(s) 41 To 46.
 
Paper: 

COMBINED ELECTROCHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL TREATMENT FOR PESTICIDE DEGRADATION – APPLICATION TO PHOSMET

 
 
Author(s):  ASASI M., FOURCADE F., GENESTE F., FLONER D., MACHI R., AMRANE A.*
 
* UNIVERSITÉ RENNES 1, CNRS, UMR 6226, EQUIPE CATALYSE ET ORGANOMÉTALLIQUES, CAMPUS DE BEAULIEU, 35042 RENNES CEDEX, FRANCE
 
Abstract: 

The aim of this study was to determine the feasibility of coupling an electrochemical process with a biological treatment in order to degrade phosmet, an organophosphorous pesticide. The absence of biodegradability of phosmet by Pseudomonas fluorescens and activated sludge was verified in our operational conditions. So, a conventional biological treatment is not appropriate for phosmet polluted effluents. Electrochemical behavior of phosmet was studied by cyclic voltammetry and the feasibility of an electrochemical pretreatment was thus demonstrated. Preliminary results with activated sludge showed a diminution of 26% for COD (chemical oxygen demand) measured when the electrolyzed solution was used as the sole carbon and nitrogen sources. When glucose and ammonium were added as supplementary carbon and nitrogen sources, the COD diminution reached 34% after 79 h of culture. This study demonstrates the feasibility of an electrochemical pre-treatment prior to biotreatment.

 
Keyword(s): ELECTROCHEMICAL PROCESS, BIOLOGICAL DEGRADATION, HYBRID PROCESS, RECALCITRANT COMPOUNDS, ORGANOPHOSPHOROUS PESTICIDES
 
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