Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH   2010 , Volume 39 , Number 4; Page(s) 1 To 14.
 
Paper:  NUTRIGENOMICS AND NUTRIGENETICS
 
Author(s):  FARHOUD D.D.*, ZARIF YEGANEH M., ZARIF YEGANEH M-
 
* SCHOOL OF PUBLIC HEALTH, TEHRAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

The nutrients are able to interact with molecular mechanisms and modulate the physiological functions in the body. The Nutritional Genomics focuses on the interaction between bioactive food components and the genome, which includes Nutrigenetics and Nutrigenomics. The influence of nutrients on f genes expression is called Nutrigenomics, while the heterogeneous response of gene variants to nutrients, dietary components and developing nutraceticals is called Nutrigenetics. Genetic variation is known to affect food tolerances among human subpopulations and may also influence dietary requirements and raising the possibility of individualizing nutritional intake for optimal health and disease prevention on the basis of an individual’s genome. Nutrigenomics provides a genetic understanding for how common dietary components affect the balance between health and disease by altering the expression and/or structure of an individual's genetic makeup. Nutrigenetics describes that the genetic profile have impact on the response of body to bioactive food components by influencing their absorption, metabolism, and site of action.
In this way, considering different aspects of gene–nutrient interaction and designing appropriate diet for every specific genotype that optimize individual health, diagnosis and nutritional treatment of genome instability, we could prevent and control conversion of healthy phenotype to diseases.

 
Keyword(s): NUTRITIONAL GENOMICS, NUTRIGENOMICS, NUTRIGENETICS, GENETIC VARIATION
 
References: 
 
  Yearly Visit 43
 
Latest on Blog
Enter SID Blog