Paper Information

Journal:   LITERARY CRITICISM   SPRING 2010 , Volume 3 , Number 9; Page(s) 115 To 139.
 
Paper: 

A SURVEY OF THE ORIENTATIONAL METAPHORS IN QUR’AN: A COGNITIVE APPROACH

 
 
Author(s):  KORD ZAFARANLOU KAMBOUZIA ALIYEH, HAJIAN KHADIJEH
 
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Abstract: 
An orientational metaphor is a metaphor in which concepts are spatially related to each other, as in the following ways: up or down, in or out, front or back, on or off, deep or shallow, central or peripheral. Such metaphorical orientations are not arbitrary. They originate from our physical and cultural experience. An orientational metaphor organizes a group or system of metaphorical concepts in terms associated with spatial orientation, for instance “up-down” and “front-back”. An example would be the fact that many metaphorical concepts concerning happiness (e. g. “feeling up”, “spirits were boosted”, “in high spirits”) have to do with the spatial orientation of “up”, whereas many metaphorical concepts of unhappiness (e. g. “feeling low”, “feeling down”, “sinking spirits”, “falling into depression”) have to do with “down”. These spatial orientational metaphors are so common that we often use them unconsciously. Those metaphors using the spatial orientation of “up”, “forward” and “on” seem to be associated with positive feelings and events, while terms such as “down” and “back” are associated with the negative. The majority of spatial orientational metaphors employed in the Qur’an can be divided into those that convey a positive experience or feeling and those that express a negative or less satisfactory event or emotion.
 
Keyword(s): QUR’AN, ORIENTATIONAL METAPHOR, COGNITIVE METAPHOR, MAPPING, COGNITION, SCHEMA
 
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