Paper Information

Journal:   MOSKUYA   WINTER-SPRING 2009 , Volume 3 , Number 10; Page(s) 125 To 146.
 
Paper: 

MORSHED GHOLI KHAN OSTAJLOO (HIS POSITION, PERFORMANCE AND ISSUE IN SAFAVID COURT)

 
 
Author(s):  SAIDIAN GH.H., YOUSEFI ZAHRA
 
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Abstract: 

Safavid dynasty was established by help of a tribe entitled Ghezelbash (Mogul soldier). The kings of this dynasty reigned continually from 905 to 1135 A.H. After the death of Shah Tahmasb (I) in 984 A.H., his children had disagreement between themselves for succession and his formal successor Heidar Mirza was killed by adherents of Esmail Mirza who were jailed in Ghahghaheh castle and Esmail Mirza came to the throne by title of "Shah Esmail (II)". During his short period of reign, he killed or made many princes and commandors of Ghezelbash dynasty`- blind. Eventually,he was poisoned and died.When Shah Esmail (II) died (985 A.H.), his brother Shah Mohammad came to throne.During his reign period , two commanders of Shamloo and Ostajloo tribes entitled Ali Gholi Khan and Morshed Gholi Khan opposed to him and elected his young son as governor of Khorasan.Therefore those commanders opposed to each other. Finally, Morshed Gholi Khan won over Ali Gholi Khan and elected Shah Abbass as a king again in Kooh Sangi in Mashhad and introduced himself as Vakil al-Saltaneh (minister of court) . After a while , he left Khorasan to Qazvin with Shah Abbass,and entered into the court with no murder and Shah Abbass came to throne and Morshed Gholi Khan became as absolute commander of Iran who was named Vakil al-Saltaneh. Shah Abbass was a wise and clever young man who believed that the influential and powerful commanders of Ghezelbash were obstructive elements for independency of his absolute reign, so he ordered Morshed Gholi Khan to omit his opponents. He omitted the pillars of the previous government. Shah Abbass killed all refractories of Ghezelbash by help of Morshed Gholi Khan. Finally, he killed Morshed Gholi Khan in Chaman in Bastam. (10th day of Ramazan, 997 A.H.).

 
Keyword(s): ALI GHOLI KHAN SHAMLOO, MORSHED GHOLI KHAN OSTAJLOO, SHAH ABBASS, SHAHSAVAN
 
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