Paper Information

Journal:   RAHBORD   WINTER 2010 , Volume 18 , Number 53 (SPECIAL ISSUE FOR CULTURA AND SOCIAL STUDIES); Page(s) 39 To 55.
 
Paper: 

STUDYING THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SOCIAL CAPITAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE CORRUPTION

 
 
Author(s):  KHALAF KHANI MAHDI*
 
* 
 
Abstract: 

Corruption is an international phenomenon dating back to the emergence of state and humankind. Today, there is no country or society which claims to have a completely healthy administrative and social system.
Although, the level of administrative and social corruption is different from a society to another one, all systems face a certain level of corruption.
What differentiates the extent of corruption in different systems is difference between human initiatives, the types of system, cultural structures, belief and value systems, rational opinions and institutional measures of human agents. As for struggling against corruption, there are two categories of well-developed theories which could be associated to pessimists and optimists. The first category-pessimists-believes that every effort for ending administrative corruption is useless, and the second one believes that corruption can be reduced like most existing phenomena in the society through collective wisdom, institutional initiatives, and gradual change in economic and cultural structures and social capital. This article while emphasizing the second view, argues that corruption is affected by social factors and social environment, despite the fact that it is rooted in institutions. Having emphasized the importance of culture and society, especially social capital in spreading administrative corruption, the author believes that corruption can be controlled by cultural and technological measures.

 
Keyword(s): SOCIAL CAPITAL, PARTICULARISM, UNIVERSALISM, COST, TRUST, COOPERATION, CORRUPTION
 
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