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Paper Information

Journal:   DARU JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCE   2003 , Volume 11 , Number 4; Page(s) 164 To 170.
 
Paper: 

ANATOMICAL AND PHYTOCHEMICAL STUDY OF LILIUM LEDEBOURII (BAKER) BOISS., A RARE ENDEMIC SPECIES IN IRAN

 
 
Author(s):  FARSAM H.*, AMANLOU M., AMIN GH.R., NEZAMIVAND CHEGINI GH.R., SALEHI SURMAGHI M.H., SHAFIEI A.
 
* DEPARTMENT OF MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY, FACULTY OF PHARMACY,TEHRAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, TEHRAN
 
Abstract: 

Lilium ledebourii (Baker) Boiss.(Liliaceae), locally named Susan -e Chelcheragh" is a native and rare species grown on the heights of Damash region (ca. 2100 m) in Gilan province, north part of Iran. The microscopic and anatomical features and the composition of oils of flower and corm of this unique plant were studied. The microscopic study has shown the main characteristic elements of leaf, stem, corm and flower of this plant. The composition of essential oils of flower and corm were determined by coupled GC-MS analysis. The yields of oils of flower and corm were 0.71 % and 1.65 % (v/w) respectively. The major components of flowers oil were isopulegol (55.15 %), pentacosane (18.1%), 3-methyltricosane (9.97%), tricosane (5.35%), 2-methylpentacosane (4.35%), docosane (4.28%) and linalool oxide (2.20%). The components of corms oil were almost fatty acids. No aromatic volatile compound was found in the corm oil. Primary qualitative phytochemical tests of stem, leaf, corm and flower showed positive results for alkaloid and flavonoid (one plus) in stem and for saponin (4 plus) in corm and (2 plus) in the flower. Tests for tannin in all parts were negative. Further phytochemical and botanical studies on this unique plant are of importance.

 
Keyword(s): LILIUM LEDEBOURII, ANATOMY, PHYTOCHEMISTRY, ESSENTIAL OIL, IRAN
 
References: 
 
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