Paper Information

Journal:   INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION RESEARCH   2004 , Volume 2 , Number 2; Page(s) 75 To 78.
 
Paper: 

ASSESSMENT OF RADIATION DOSE IN NUCLEAR MEDICINE HOT LAB

 
 
Author(s):  AHASAN M.M.*
 
* Rajshahi, Bangladesh
 
Abstract: 
Background: Hot lab is a specially designed room in a nuclear medicine hospital where the radiopharmaceuticals are delivered, stored and prepared for dispensing. 99 Mo/ 99m Tc-generator is the major source in the hot lab used for various medical imaging. It is important to maintain a standard for hot lab procedures to optimize the patient care and minimize radiation exposure to all nuclear medicine personnel, patients, public, as well as environment.
Materials and Methods: The radiation doses in the hot lab were measured by GM and NaI Detectors for about 12 months. Package surface doses and generator surface doses were also measured. An increase in the counted rate above background was considered for the study. A constant distance was made in every step.
Results: At the receipt date, the 99 Mo/ 99m Tc-generator surface dose (450±150 ?Gy/hr) found to be nearly six times higher than the package surface dose (80±20 ?Gy/hr). The dose rate at the outer surface of the fume-hood glass found to be 80±15 ?Gy/hr in the 1 st day of generator placement, whereas at the 2 nd day it was 70±12 ?Gy/hr; showing a gradual decline in dose rate during 3 rd (50±10 ?Gy/hr), 4 th (40±9 ?Gy/hr), 5 th day (30±6 ?Gy/hr) and 6 th day (25±4 ?Gy/hr).
Conclusion: In the 1 st day of a generator storing in the hot lab, the dose rate found to be 3-4 times higher than the 6 th days. The dose rate at various places indicated poor performance of the fume-hood glass. The study emphasizes on the need of growing awareness among all the radiation workers and encouraging the safe working practices in nuclear medicine.
 
Keyword(s): 99MO/99MTC-GENERATORS, RADIATION SURVEY METERS, HOT LAB, RADIATION WORKERS
 
References: 
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