Paper Information

Journal:   INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (IJEST)   Spring 2004 , Volume 1 , Number 1; Page(s) 69 To 80.
 
Paper: 

RENEWABLE ENERGY IN IRAN: CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

 
 
Author(s):  ATABI F.*
 
* Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Campus, Tehran, Iran
 
Abstract: 
Around the globe, developing countries have reported different cases of successfully implemented Renewable Energy (RE) program supported by bilateral or multilateral funding. In developing countries subsidy has played a big role in RE program marketing and whether this will lead to sustainable development is yet to be determined. The adoption of implementation strategies that will support sustainable development and overcoming barriers that hinder expansion of Renewable Energy Technologies (RETs) still remains as a big challenge to stakeholders involved in promotion of RE resources in developing countries. In this respect, developing countries need to re-examine their environmental policy for promotion of RETs in order to define its role in revitalization of their economies. This paper reviews the policy incentives for promotion of RETs in the Islamic Republic of Iran. Setting-up international collaborative business ventures between local industry in Iran and RE companies in developed countries is proposed as an implementation strategy that will appropriate diffusion of RETs in the country. An organizational framework that may help to attain this objective is discussed and a structural model for RE business partnership is presented. It is concluded that with appropriate policy formulations and strategies, RETs can bring about the required socio-economic development in Iran.
 
Keyword(s): SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, RET, ENERGY SYSTEM, INTERNATIONAL COLLABORATION, CDM
 
References: 
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