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Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF MEDICAL EDUCATION   SPRING 2003 , Volume 3 , Number 1 (9); Page(s) 61 To 68.
 
Paper: 

THE IMPACT OF TEACHING ON KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE OF NURSING AND MIDWIFERY INSTRUCTORS IN REGARD TO CLINICAL EDUCATION EFFECTIVE BEHAVIORS, TABRIZ UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, 2002

 
 
Author(s):  MOHAMMADI B.*, VALIZADEH SOHEILA, LAK DIZJI S.
 
* Rasul Akram Hospital, Tehran, Iran
 
Abstract: 

Introduction. Learning clinical skills at the bedside is one of the best educational methods which mainly depend on clinical instructors' characteristics. It seems that teaching by qualified and competent instructors can enable students to reach their maximum capability. This research was designed to study the effect of teaching on knowledge, attitude and practice of nursing and midwifery instructors concerning effective behaviors at clinical teaching.
Methods. This was a quasi-experimental research which studied all nursing and midwifery instructors (N=25) at Tabriz University. The research was designed as one group and two stages which assessed knowledge, attitude and practice of instructors before and two months after running the educational program (two days workshop). The data collecting tool was a questionnaire including four sections. The scientific validity of the questionnaire was confirmed by content validity and its reliability was evaluation by split-half method. In addition to instructors, the forth section of the questionnaire concerning performance, was also completed by the students who were under the supervision of trained instructors before and two months after the workshop. The results were analyzed by SPSS 9 software and using paired t-test, relative frequency, mean and standard deviation.
Results. According to the results, participation of instructors in educational workshops had a positive effect on increasing knowledge and improving their attitude toward clinical teaching behaviors. Moreover, according to the viewpoints of instructors and students, their performance scores increased after education. But, no significant difference between the mean of performance score of instructors before and after workshop was observed. Based on students' viewpoints, instructors' performance in assessing students showed a significant difference.
Conclusion. Considering the positive effects of education on knowledge and attitude of the instructors, providing education and an appropriate background in clinical environment for employing effective behaviors seems necessary. The results of this research can be used in designing a valid evaluation tool for assessing the effectiveness of clinical education and the educational performance of clinical instructors.

 
Keyword(s): KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE, PERFORMANCE, NURSING INSTRUCTORS, EFFECTIVE BEHAVIORS, CLINICAL EDUCATION
 
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