Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF RADIOLOGY   December 2003 , Volume 1 , Number 3-4; Page(s) 133 To 136.
 
Paper: 

MRI FINDINGS OF CERVICAL SPINE LESIONS AMONG SYMPTOMATIC PATIENTS AND THEIR RISK FACTORS

 
 
Author(s):  HASHEMI H.*, FIROUZNIA KAVOUS, SOROUSH H., AMIR ORANG J., FOGHANI A., PAKRAVAN MOHAMMAD
 
* Medical Imaging Center, Imam Hospital, Tehran, Iran University of Medical Sciences
 
Abstract: 

Background: Cervical spine and intervertebral discs are potentially prone to functional disorders.
Objectives: This study sought type and distribution of different pathologies in the cervical spine and a possible relationship between the MRI findings and the probable risk factors of the degenerative disorders.
Material and methods: This descriptive cross-sectional research was carried out from October 2000 to January 2002 in three referral centers in Tehran. All the patients had referred for cervical MRI for neck pain and/or radicular pain.
Results: Totally 342 patients entered the study. Sixty percent of patients were male. The mean age was 55.1 12.1 years. Seventy-nine percent of patients had abnormal MRI findings (238 patients (70%) had signs of degenerative processes and 31 patients (9%) had the other findings) with a total 308 pathologies. The most common findings were disc bulging/ protrusion (%21.1), disc dehydration (%20.1), disc herniation (%18.1), and canal stenosis(%17.5). Older age, male gender and history of neck trauma were associated with increasing probability of degenerative changes (P-Values<0.05).
Conclusion: Types of cervical spine pathologies are comparable to other reports. The anatomical distribution of disc bulging and protrusion in our study are similar to other reports. Likewise age, gender and a history of trauma to the neck were closely associated with the degenerative signs on the MR images.

 
Keyword(s): SPINAL DISEASE, CERVICAL, SPONDYLOSIS, MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING
 
References: 
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