Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENCE   Fall 2004 , Volume 5 , Number 2; Page(s) 151 To 166.
 
Paper: 

MORPHOMETRIC AND ALLOZYME VARIABILITY IN PERSIAN BEE POPULATION FROM THE ALBURZ MOUNTAINS, IRAN

 
 
Author(s):  MORADI M., KANDEMIR I.
 
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Abstract: 
Apis mellifera meda is one among those two dozen subspecies which are the most widely distributed in the world. While in our first description, its distribution is restricted to North Persia, Lencoron (on the Caspian Sea coast), in later studies it extends westward, to the north of Iraq and Syria, and to the southeastern parts of Turkey. To investigate the geographic variation and population structure of the honey bees of northern Iran that are among the least studied populations of Apis mellifera, samples were collected in the Alburz mountains, in the south of the Caspian Sea.
A total of 46 colonies were sampled from six different locations (three in the highlands: Khanchay, Sefar, Zanjan; and three in the lowlands, Gholikandy, Gultepe and Duzteran Fig.1). Out of six enzymes assayed, four were found to be polymorphic (Pgm, Hk, Mdh, and Est) and two (Pgi and Me) displayed invariant banding patterns. Gene frequencies, enzyme heterozygosities and usefulness of gene frequencies to Hardy-Weinberg expectations were analyzed with the BIOSYS-1 package. The overall grand mean heterozygosity for all populations was calculated as 0.052±0.036. A Distance Wagner analysis based on the Prevosti distance divided the honey bee samples into two groups according to their origin from lowlands and highlands. Morphmetric variations of the colonies were assessed using parameters measured from hind and fore-wing and from legs. Different multivariate analyses were applied for the determination of different honey bee populations in the Alburz Mountains in Iran.
 
Keyword(s): APIS, MELLIFERA, IRAN, ALLOZYME, TURKEY.
 
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