Paper Information

Journal:   MAQALAT WA BARRASIHA   Winter 2002 , Volume 34 , Number 70; Page(s) 223 To 243.
 
Paper: 

THE PROBLEM OF NON-EXISTING ENTITIES, THE MENTAL BEING AND THE UNIVERSAL PROPOSITION

 
 
Author(s):  ABBASIAN M.A.
 
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Abstract: 
Naturally, humans are capable of entertaining thoughts, or believing in propositions, about particular individuals or objects. Sometimes they express these thoughts or propositions by uttering declarative subject-predicate sentences, such as "Hafiz was a poet/ orl / You are reading a book". It seems to be that occasions in which people entertain thoughts whose subjects do not exist. In such cases, they also express their thoughts by uttering sentences of subject-predicate form, like" the round square is round". and "the golden mountain is high." But there is a general problem as to how one can say something about that which does not exist. According to a great number of Muslim philosophers, it is because of the "mental being" of non-existing entities and of the presence of their quiddity before the mind that we can make any assertion about these entities. We can express the proposition containing them by subject-predicate sentences. In this article, the author will show that the ontological argument of Muslim philosopers is both incapable of resolving the aforementioned problems, and unable to give a correct explanation of the theory of "mental being".
 
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