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Paper Information

Journal:   MAQALAT WA BARRASIHA   2002 , Volume 35 , Number 71; Page(s) 307 To 319.
 
Paper: 

THE FOUNDATION OF MARKET SUPERVISION AND ORGANIZATION FROM IT SAPPEARANCE TO THE END OF THE UMAYYAD ERA

 
 
Author(s):  BADKUBE HAZAVE A.*
 
* 
 
Abstract: 
Market Supervision Organisation has been one of the divisions of the judiciary structure of the Muslim goverment. The main duty of this organization, headed by an inspector, was the control and supervision of the market and marketeers affairs. Their duties rapidly expanded in the 3rd centary A.H. It not only included the supervision of health care,transportation, and civil costruction, but also the social and legal behaviour and manners of citizens. All Muslim writers trace the origin of this institution back to the canonically obligatory command of "encoaraye the good and forbid evil".They believed that the appearance of this organization in later periods isin fact the institutionaliz.cd form of this religious command. The writerof the present essay studies the historical clues of this organization fromthe early founatiol1 of Islamic govcrment in al- Madina to the later periods. He also poinls out that the appearance of this organization,with its administrative divisions, was prior to the Abbasld cra
 
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