Paper Information

Journal:   ACTA MEDICA IRANICA   2004 , Volume 42 , Number 3; Page(s) 163 To 167.
 
Paper: 

CONCURRENT CHEMORADIATION FOR ESOPHAGEAL CARCINOMA: PRELIMINARY RESULTS

 
 
Author(s):  HADAD P., AMOUZGAR HASHEMI F., MERATI M.M., SAJADI S.M.
 
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Abstract: 
Despite all advances, treatment of esophageal carcinoma is still unsatisfactory. Currently the standard non-surgical treatment of esophageal cancer is concurrent chemotherapy and radiotherapy (chemoradiation), with results comparable to best surgical series. A few years ago, we started a chemoradiation protocol for the cancer of esophagus as a curative treatment, of which we present the preliminary results here. Files of all esophageal carcinoma patients treated in our department since 1996 until mid 2001 were checked, and those treated by chemoradiation were selected and reviewed. Overall survival was measured from the start of radiotherapy to the time of last follow-up or death. Results were compared to historical controls treated by radiotherapy alone in our department, reviewed in a recent study. Twenty-eight patients (17 males and 11 females, mean age 59 years, tumor location in the middle-third of esophagus in 54%, all squamous carcinoma except one adenocarcinoma) were treated by two courses of cisplatin and 5-FU chemotherapy with concurrent radiotherapy. Radiation dose was mostly 50 Gy in 25 fractions. Mean overall survival was 17 months and median survival was not reached yet due to relatively short follow-up. Compared to 283 patients treated by radiotherapy alone with a mean and median survival of 12 and 8 months, chemoradiation was significantly superior (P=0.0004). Concurrent chemoradiation as used in our department offers a definitely better chance of survival compared to radiotherapy alone. To improve the results, we are pursuing the combination of neoadjuvant chemoradiation and surgery in a clinical trial
 
Keyword(s): ESOPHAGEAL CARCINOMA , CHEMORADIATION , CONCURRENT
 
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