Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF MILITARY MEDICINE   WINTER 2003 , Volume 4 , Number 4; Page(s) 319 To 322.
 
Paper: 

HEALTH CONSEQUENCES OF DEPLETED URANIUM APPLICATION IN THE PERSIAN GULF & BALKAN CONFLICTS

 
 
Author(s):  GHAFARI M., FOROUGHI ZADEH M.
 
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Abstract: 
Uranium (Z=92) as the heaviest natural element consists of the three following isotopes with the respected abundance e38U=99.2746%,235U=O.72%, 234U=O.OO54%). Depleted Uranium is the product or byproduct of 8.11Yprocess in which the percent of235U or 234U reduces. Today, Depleted Uranium is used in radiation shielding plates, counterweights and balance in jetliners, armor piercing munitions and reinforcing armored military vehicles. Environmental and occupational exposure occurs mostly by ingestion or inhalation, respectively. Recently some theories have been proposed about mechanisms involving radiation damage by alpha emitting particles like uranium; according to them in addition to DNA damage as a critical target molecule, some other extranuclear critical sites exist and involve. In this article, By stander theory and Second Event theory are discussed and epidemiologic and experimental evidences reviewed
 
Keyword(s): DEPLETED URANIUM, RADIATION, EXPOSURE, DAMAGE
 
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