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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN MEDICAL SCIENCES (JRMS)   Ocrober-November 2003 , Volume 8 , Number 4; Page(s) 89 To 91.
 
Paper: 

A COMPARISOM BETWEEN THE EFFECTTIVENESS OF RELAXATION TRAINING AND PHARMACOTHERAPY IN TREATMENT OF PATIENTS WITH TENSION HEADACHE

 
 
Author(s):  BAGHERIAN R.*
 
* 
 
Abstract: 

Introduction: Headaches are the common cause of refferals to physicians, and among them, tension headache is the most prevalent. There is not consens us on the effectiveness of a specific therapeutic procedure. However, the purpose of this study was to identify the effects of relaxation training in comparison to pharmacotherapy in treatment of tension headache.
Procedures: The study employed an experiment design with two treatment group (N=12) One treatment group gaticipated in a relaxation training program over an 8-week period. A second treatment group was only given Amitriptyline. Data collected over a 2 - week period before and after treatment by using a dialy headache scale used by patients and visual analog scale used by one of the patient"s relatives. Back depression scale and zung Anxietys scale were used for evaluating levels of depression and Anxiety in patients.
Results: Mean score of improvement in relaxation training was significantly higher than that of Amitriptyline group (t=3.85 , P<0.01) Also the relaxation group demonstrated lower mean score of headache peak than that of peak than that of Amitriptyline  group (t=2.6, p<0.01). However, regarding to visual analog scale there was no statistically significant difference between two groups.in respect of distribution of patients among different improvement levels, the relaxation training group was significantly better than Amitriptyline group (x2=6.66, df=2, p<0.01)
Discussion: The relaxation training was more effective than Amitriptuline in decreasing headach for patients with tension headache.

 
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