Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF MILITARY MEDICINE   Summer 2003 , Volume 5 , Number 2; Page(s) 127 To 134.
 
Paper: 

LASER WARFARE S: RECOGNITION, DIAGNOSIS, TREATMENT, AND PREVENTION OF THEIR INJURIES

 
 
Author(s):  MODARES MOSALA S.M.M., POORHEIDARI GH.R., NADJAFI A.H.
 
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Abstract: 

Laser injuries on the battlefields are a real and significant threat. Currently laser is used in modem wars for range-finding, targeting, detection, and target destruction. The military forces have devices that can accidentally blind personnel permanently. It is also possible that laser is used as anti-personnel warfare, causing decreased military performance due to impaired visual abilities of the military personnel. Laser is an acronym for "Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation." A laser is a device that produces an intense, narrow, and monochromatic beam of light. Key laser parameters are the wavelength, the power density, and the divergence of the radiation. The effects produced by laser radiation are dependent on the laser radiation exposure dose. Exposure to a laser could have several adverse effects. The effects include severe vision problems, skin bums, and psychological reactions. Injuries result when various body tissues absorb the energy from the laser. The most vulnerable organ is the eye, yet other structures, such as the skin, can also be affected. Medical management of laser-induced injuries includes treatment of ocular and cutaneous injuries, and psychological reactions. Prevention of these injuries is possible through using appropriate protective clothing and eyewear.

 
Keyword(s): LASER INJURY, LASER WARFARE, MODEM WAR, AND MEDICAL MANAGEMENT
 
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