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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF MILITARY MEDICINE   Summer 2003 , Volume 5 , Number 2; Page(s) 105 To 110.
 
Paper: 

STUDY OF THE PREVALENCE AND INTENSITY OF DEPRESSION IN 100 DEVOTEES WITH CHEMICAL AND NON-CHEMICAL WAR INJURIES (30-70%) OF IMPOSED WAR IN TABRIZ

 
 
Author(s):  VAFAI B.*, SEIDY A.
 
* Department of Psychiatry,Tabriz university of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
 
Abstract: 

The existing researches showed that devotees experience depression more than normal people. The main objective of this study was to review the prevalence and also intensity of depression in 30-70 percent-injured devotees and to compare them with the society and the control group. Because of the variety in the percentages of the injuries and in physical injuries, a comparison was done about the prevalence and intensity degree of depression in the injured devotees, chemical and non-chemical ones and also the different percentages of the injuries. In this research 100 persons who were injured in the imposed war with the different percentages of injury (30-70 percent or more) with different lesions were chosen randomly and were compared with the control group. The diagnosis of depression was done by interview according to DSM- IV criteria zung test. All samples were men in the age range of 25-75 years with the mean average of38 year. The obtained results are: The prevalence of depression in all of the devotees was 71% where as in control group was 36%. The intensity of depression was more among the devotees as 31% of devotees had severed depression, which did not exist in control group. The prevalence and the intensity of depression were higher in the devotees with chemical injuries then non-chemicals. The most sever symptoms of depression were observed in devotees 30-39%, where as 64.28% showed the symptoms of sever depression and generally the severity of symptoms of depression was higher in the lower percentages of injury. Cord dissected devotees, despite the believe and having the most injuries and disabilities, showed a lower prevalence of depression. According to the results of this study, it can be concluded that other factors are important in the severity and manifestations of depression in the devotees rather than physical disabilities and the effect of the diseases caused by disability which should be evaluated in the future studies.

 
Keyword(s): DEPRESSION, IMPOSED WAR, DEVOTEES, CHEMICAL, NON-CHEMICAL
 
References: 
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