Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF MILITARY MEDICINE   Spring 2003 , Volume 5 , Number 1; Page(s) 13 To 19.
 
Paper: 

EPIDEMIOLOGY OF TRAUMA IN BAQIATALLAH HOSPITAL: A ONE-YEAR PROSPECTIVE STUDY

 
 
Author(s):  KHATAMI S.M., KALANTAR MOTAMEDI M.H., MOHEBI H.A., TARIGHI P., FARZANEGAN G., REZAI Y., BAKHSHANDEH H., SHAKIBA MAJID, JALALI A.
 
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Abstract: 

In most developing countries trauma is a leading cause of death among older children and young adults. It is also a leading cause of disability and health related economic losses in most of these countries.
Focusing on hospitalized trauma patients from epidemiological view, this study sought to provide backgrounds needed for improving trauma care based on identifying common trauma mechanisms and major groups at risk. In this prospective research, 1393 trauma hospitalized patients were studied based on a questionnaire including all demographic, injury-related and diagnostic-therapeutic intervention data.
Results of this study shows that young men were the major group at risk. Road Traffic Accidents with 37% and falls with 35% were the more common mechanisms of trauma while lacerations, struck by falling objects and gun- shot wounds were following mechanisms. In road traffic accidents motorcycle riders, car occupants and pedestrians included the most of trauma victims by 42.1%, 28.1% and 25.6% respectively. 75.6% of patients had minor injuries while the moderate injuries was 18.2%and only 6.2% of patients had major injuries.
Improving hospital cares besides development in preventive programs and pre-hospital cares, focussed on trauma Registry, and is one at the priorities in approaching to trauma problem.

 
Keyword(s): TRAUMA, EPIDEMIOLOGY, INJURY SEVERITY SCORE, ROAD TRAFFIC ACCIDENT
 
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