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Paper Information

Journal:   EQTESAD-E KESHAVARZI VA TOWSE'E   Summer 2004 , Volume 12 , Number 2 (46); Page(s) 1 To 40.
 
Paper: 

THE COMPARATIVE STUDY OF AGRICULTURAL PROTECTION IN OECD COUNTRIES AND IRAN

 
 
Author(s):  MAHMOODI A.*, KAZEMNEZHAD M.*
 
* AGRICULTURAL PLANNING & ECONOMIC RESEARCH INSTITUTE, MINISTRY OF JIHAD -E AGRICULTURE, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Agricultural protection has been Pursuant and contentious for many years. Agricultural sector has received more government attention compare to other sectors of economy, for many reasons such as agricultural substantive, highest risk production, food and nutrition security. To achieve the highest sustainable economic growth and employment and so on, farmers and agricultural sector are protected. In 2003 producers support across the GECD countries, as measured by the percentage PSE, accounted for 32% of farm receipts, a slight increase from 2002, but down from 37% in 1986-88. The PSE in 2003 is estimated at US$257 billion, or € 229 billion. The share of the most production and trade distorting forms of support - output and input linked support - has declined from over 90% of producer support in 1986-88to about 75% in 2001-03. There has also been a slight narrowing of the spread of support levels between commodities. The still large share of output and input-linked support encourages domestic production, distorts trade and contributes to depressing world prices of agricultural commodities. It is mentioned that policies targeted to specific objectives and beneficiaries. Agricultural policies in GECD countries sometimes Impose unnecessary costs on domestic consumers and taxpayers, and many support policies put pressure on the environment and penalize competitive suppliers, including those in developing countries. In this paper, we are intended to compare and evaluate changes both in GECD agricultural policies and support policy in IRAN. We emphasize necessary changes in the composition of support are then considered. In the end, we proposed some policy tools.

 
Keyword(s): SUPPORT POLICIES, MARKET PRICE SUPPORT, PRODUCER" S SUPPORT ESTIMATE, NOMINAL PROTECTION COEFFICIENT, GUARANTEED PRICE
 
References: 
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