Paper Information

Journal:   TEHRAN UNIVERSITY MEDICAL JOURNAL (TUMJ)   2004 , Volume 62 , Number 7; Page(s) 611 To 616.
 
Paper: 

PREVALENCE OF COMPLICATION OF INJECTION AMONG DRUG ABUSER ISFAHAN, 2002-2003

 
 
Author(s):  TAHERI A.R., ABDALI H., FAIIAZ L.
 
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Abstract: 

Introduction: Infectious disease are more prevalent among injection drug abusers. The aim of this study is to determine the most prevalent injection complications, in injection drug abusers of Isfahan.
Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 400 injection drug abusers were studied. All studied subjects were examined clinically and according to their physical examination results and the history of previous complications like skin abscess, brain abscess, endocarditis, bleeding, arterial aneurysm and amputation, the prevalence of different complications was determined. Obtained data were analyzed using chi_square and one way analysis of variance.
Results: In this study, 0.5 % had endocarditis, 27.75 % had skin abscess, 32.75% had arterial aneurysm, 23% had bleeding, 0.25% had brain abscess and 0.25% had amputation in their medical history. 6% of the injection drug abusers had history of admission. skin abscess was the most cause of admission comprised 25% of cases. Aneurysm was the ,most common complication in medical history and the most finding in examination but skin abscess was the most complication that had led to hospitalization. Discussion: Arterial aneurysm, skin abscess and bleeding have high percent among injection drug abusers. However other complications like endocarditis and brain abscess have low percent, they have high morbidity and mortality. Thus prevention and timely treatment of this complications is seems to be necessary.

 
Keyword(s): INJECTION DRUG ABUSERS, COMPLICATION, SKIN ABSCESS, MYCOTIC ANEURYSM, ENDOCARDITIS
 
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