Paper Information

Journal:   TEHRAN UNIVERSITY MEDICAL JOURNAL (TUMJ)   2004 , Volume 62 , Number 6; Page(s) 500 To 508.
 
Paper: 

STUDYING RATE OF COTTON PARTICLE SYNTHETIC ON FEV1/FVC AMONG EMPLOYEES OF YAZD TEXTILE INDUSTRY

 
 
Author(s):  RAHIMIFARD M., ZAREZADEH N.
 
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Abstract: 

Background: Pulmonary disease secondary to occupation and environment is one of the most common Cases of obstructive lung disease. In view of presence of greater than 10,000 employees involved in textile industry in Yazd province, high prevalence of bysinosis, un-compensable lung damage and financial losses following them, this study with aim of evaluating the role of air particles present at working places of textile industries on pulmonary function with consideration of factors such as job experience and cigarette smoking.
Materials and Method: This study is a cross sectional survey on 473 employees of textile factory Seadat Nassajan, Yazdbafe, Afshar Yazd, in year 2001 in form of clustering and vulnerabilities included job experience amount of particle exposure (with Instrument dosage GS 312), FEV1, FEV1/FVC% with Instrument (Fukda 100) post H/O cigarette smoking, post occupational history, and shortness of breath was considered. For analysis purposes statistically descriptive, T Test and analysis regression multiview was analyzed. Results: Prevalence of bysinosis on bases of history was 11%. In evaluating relationship among variability, amount of particle, Cigarette smoking, and job experience with FEV1, FEVl on basis of regression analysis with (stepwise) only FVC variables amount of cigarettes smoked, job experience in exchange was found to be significant. The difference in FEV1, FEV1/FVC in person with or without past H/O shortness of breath, cough was not significant (P Value of 0.64 and 0.97 respectively).
Conclusion: No significant difference in pulmonary function among employed working in different section of sparing, carding or weeding. Their relation with pulmonary function on this study was not significant. The reason may be due to shape size of particle, type of endotoxin present in stoking, raw or ripper textile material, amount of dampness present at every section and type and degree of persons activity at every section was enumerated.

 
Keyword(s): COTTON PARTICLE AND SYNTHETIC FIBERS, FEV1, FVC, INDUSTRY, TEXTILE
 
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