Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH   2004 , Volume 33 , Number 2; Page(s) 33 To 37.
 
Paper: 

A SURVEY ABOUT KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDES OF PEOPLE TOWARDS VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN IN COMMUNITY/ FAMILY SETTINGS

 
 
Author(s):  POURREZA A.*, BATEBI A.A., MOUSSAVI P.
 
* DEPT. OF HEALTH SERVICES, SCHOOL OF PUBLIC HEALTH, TEHERAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, IRAN
 
Abstract: 
In this article a very brief history of violence against women in domestic settings is developed. On the whole, 18 Focus group discussion (FGD) (including 4 pilot FGDs), were conducted in southern part of Teheran Capital of Iran among different groups of people (literate, illiterate, married, unmarried, male, female). Further, 30 individual interviews conducted with violence and family affaire experts such as police, forensic medicine experts, psychologists, social-workers, authorities, judges, and sociologists. Findings demonstrated a very traditional problem-solving approach to violence and violence-based issues. Moreover, violence is sometimes justified by natural superiority of men to women. It is also considered as a necessity for some purposes and therefore, it is accepted and may continue to exist among families and community for coming years. Public and private spheres are almost genderly divided and formal institutions and organizations are tried to be kept away from family violence related issues. This is mainly because of a belief that domestic violence belongs to private sphere rather than public one.
 
Keyword(s): VIOLENCE, FAMILY TRANSITION, GENDER, SON-PREFERENCE, DISCRIMINATION, IRAN
 
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