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Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH   2004 , Volume 33 , Number 4; Page(s) 70 To 72.
 
Paper: 

FIRST REPORT ON NATURAL PROMASTIGOTE INFECTION OF PHLEBOTOMUS CAUCASICUS IN A NEW FOCUS OF VISCERAL LEISHMANIASIS IN NORTH WEST OF IRAN

 
 
Author(s):  RASI Y., KAVERIZADEH F., JAVADIAN E., MOHEBALI M.
 
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Abstract: 
An investigation was carried out in Ahar district, (a new focus of visceral leishmaniasis), Eastern Azerbaijan, North-West of Iran in order to determine the vector(s) of the disease, during the summer of 2003 sand-flies were collected using sticky papers, CDC light traps and aspirators. All of the collected sand-flies were dissected in a drop of normal saline for surveying of promastigotes. Head and two last abdomen segments of-sandflies were mounted in a drop of Puri’s Medium for species identification. Totally 215 sandflies were collected including: Phlebotomus kandelakii (57.2%), P.perfiliewi (18.1%), P.caucasicus (11.2%), P. sergenti (7.9%), P. papatasi (3.3%) and P.(adlerius) sp.(2.3%). Only 1 of 24 P. caucasicus species (4.2%) was found naturally infected with parasite. This is the first infection report of P. caucasicus in this region. Some behavioral aspects of the mentioned sandfly have been discussed in details.
 
Keyword(s): PHLEBOTOMUS CAUCASICUS , VISCERAL LEISHMANIASIS , IRAN
 
References: 
 
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