Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SCIENCES (IJMS)   March 2004 , Volume 29 , Number 1; Page(s) 43 To 44.
 
Paper: 

PREVALENCE OF DEPRESSION AMONG PHYSICALLY-DISABLED VETERANS IN NORTHWESTERN IRAN

 
 
Author(s):  VAFAEE B.*, SEIDY A.
 
* Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz
 
Abstract: 
particularly prone to development of depression. 100 male veterans (39 injured by chemical and 61 by non-chemical warfare) with 30% to 70% of physical disability were compared with 100 age- and sex-matched individuals selected from general population serving as comparison group. The diagnosis of depression was made according to the DSM-IV criteria utilizing the standard Zung depression questionnaire along with an interview. Participants were aged between 25 and 75 (mean: 38) years. The prevalence of depression in disabled veterans (71%) was significantly (p<0.0001; RR: 2.0 [CI95%: 1.5–2.6]) higher than that in the comparison group (36%). The prevalence of depression in chemical warfare victims (92%) was significantly (p<0.0001; RR: 1.6 [CI95%: 1.3–2.0]) higher than those who suffered from non-chemical injury (57%). Chemical warfare victims also suffered from a more severe depression than non-chemically injured victims (p<0.05). This study showed disabled veterans are prone to profound depression and chemically injured veterans were found to be more vulnerable
 
Keyword(s): DEPRESSION • WAR • COMBAT DISORDERS • CHEMICAL WARFARE
 
References: 
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