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Paper Information

Journal:   ARCHIVES OF IRANIAN MEDICINE   April 2001 , Volume 4 , Number 2; Page(s) 93 To 95.
 
Paper: 

RICKETS IN BREAST-FED INFANTS BELOW SIX MONTHS OF AGE WITHOUT VITAMIN D SUPPLEMENTATION IN TEHRAN

 
 
Author(s):  RAFII M.
 
* 
 
Abstract: 
Background and Objectives-Although breast-feeding is highly appraised and widely practiced in Iran, human milk supplies all necessary nutrients except a few including vitamin D. Despite abundance of sunshine, vitamin D deficiency rickets is not rare in Iran. Methods-In a retrospective study, the medical records of all patients with rickets admitted to Bahrami Children’s Hospital in a 16-year (March 1982-1998) period who were below 6 months of age and not receiving vitamin D supplementation, were reviewed. Result-Forty-one cases of rickets less than 6 months of age without a history of vitamin D supplementation were detected. Convulsion was the most common presenting feature. Rachitic rosary and widening of the wrists were present in one-third of the cases while a quarter showed craniotabes. Ninety-five percent of the patients belonged to the lower socioeconomic class. Vaccination was not performed or was delayed and incomplete in 21 cases. Conclusion-Early occurrence and presence of rickets in breast-fed infants below six months of age with no vitamin D supplementation is documented in Iran. Health professionals should be informed of this risk and should supervise the oral administration of vitamin D in breast-fed infants and other measures, including sunlight exposure and vitamin supplementation in lactating mothers, should be encouraged.
 
Keyword(s): BREAST-FEEDING • RICKETS • VITAMIN D
 
 
References: 
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Citations: 
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+ Click to Cite.
APA: Copy

RAFII, M. (2001). RICKETS IN BREAST-FED INFANTS BELOW SIX MONTHS OF AGE WITHOUT VITAMIN D SUPPLEMENTATION IN TEHRAN. ARCHIVES OF IRANIAN MEDICINE, 4(2), 93-95. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=12974



Vancouver: Copy

RAFII M.. RICKETS IN BREAST-FED INFANTS BELOW SIX MONTHS OF AGE WITHOUT VITAMIN D SUPPLEMENTATION IN TEHRAN. ARCHIVES OF IRANIAN MEDICINE. 2001 [cited 2021June18];4(2):93-95. Available from: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=12974



IEEE: Copy

RAFII, M., 2001. RICKETS IN BREAST-FED INFANTS BELOW SIX MONTHS OF AGE WITHOUT VITAMIN D SUPPLEMENTATION IN TEHRAN. ARCHIVES OF IRANIAN MEDICINE, [online] 4(2), pp.93-95. Available: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=12974.



 
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