Paper Information

Journal:   HARAKAT   Spring 2004 , Volume - , Number 19; Page(s) 157 To 170.
 
Paper: 

THE EFFECTS OF REGIONAL EXERCISE PROGRAM FOR ABDOMINAL MUSCLES ON BODY COMPOSITION AND SERUM LIPIDS

 
 
Author(s):  RAHMANINIA FARHAD, MOHEBI HAMID, ETEMAD Z.
 
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Abstract: 
The purpose of the present study is to investigatethe effects of regional exerciseprogramfor abdominalmuscleson body compositionand serum lipids. Forthe samplesome, male junior HS.were selectedvoluntarilymeasuringtheir total skinfold fat of subscapular and triceps. Finally, 16 subjects were selected. Their average age was 14.63-j;:.J.09years, and their percent age of body fat was more than 26. They perfomed regional exerciseon abdominal muscles 3 sessions per week for 4 weeks. The following measurements were recorded before and afier the exerciseprogram: blood sampling from cubital vein to determine the level of cholesterol, triglyceride (TG), skinfold-fat of subscapular, suprailiac, triceps,and pectoral regions of the subjects using clipper. Waist, hip, and buttock girth of the subjects were also recorded, and fmally percent age of body fat was estimated using the method by Bioleau, Lohman and Slaughter (1985). The data were analyzed using t - student test. The result indicated that the regional exercise program for the abdominal muscles has a significant effect (pSO.05) on cholesterol, TG and skinfold fat of subscapular, suprialiace, abdomen, triceps, pectoral regions, and also on waist, hip, buttock girth, total body weight, body fat and perce.nt age of body fat of the subjects. However, this type of exercise didnt have any significant effect on skinfold fat of biceps and lean body weight. Therefore, we can conclude that this ~pecific regional exercise program for the abdominal muscles reduces fat of not only the region being exercised (abdominal), but also the other regions of the body, which werent exercised. On the other hand, the results indicated that spot reduction doesnt work and fatty acids preferentially arent released directly to a greater degreefrom the fat pads from the active muscles.
 
Keyword(s): REGIONAL REDUCTION, BODY COMPOSITION, SKINFOLD.
 
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