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Paper Information

Journal:   HARAKAT   Spring 2004 , Volume - , Number 19; Page(s) 63 To 80.
 
Paper: 

A COMPARISON BETWEEN IRAN FOOTBALL STADIUMS CONDITION AND EUROPEAN STANDARDS

 
 
Author(s):  ELAHI A.R., POURAGHAEI ARDAKANI Z.
 
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Abstract: 
Football stadiums are considered as the infrastructure of this popular ,\port. Observing the required standards in these stadiums are important in the following tenns: safety, increasing the quality of the games, absorbing more .\pectators to the stadium, and obtaining pennission to host the football games on an international level, etc. In this research, the Iranian football stadiums were compared with the standards in the European stadiums. The standards were divided into seven separate categories, Le. adequate facilities for ordinary .\pectators and.. .\pedal .\pectators, reporters and mass media, players, coaches, referees, etc. For analysis of the findings two ways were applied: in inferential statistics the Mann - Whitney U test and in descriptive statistics percent age of frequency. The results demonstrated that the majority of the stadiums in Iran do not enjoy good conditions in tenns of the seven above - mentioned categories. Consequently, given the importance of establishing essential standards in football stadiums, providing a comprehensive and strategic planning for the football stadiums across thf?;country is suggested.
 
Keyword(s): STADIUM, STANDARD, FOOTBALL.
 
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