Paper Information

Journal:   MAQALAT WA BARRASIHA   Spring-Summer 2004 , Volume 37 , Number 75(2); Page(s) 201 To 216.
 
Paper: 

THE THEORY OF CORRESPONDENCE IN TRUTH AND THE LIAR PARADOX

 
 
Author(s):  RASOULI SHARABIANI R.
 
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Abstract: 
After taking into consideration different definitions of the theory of correspondence in truth ranging from Aristotle and Islamic philosophers to modern Western logicians, the present research deals with its major challenge, i.e. the liar paradox. Such Islamic logicians and philosophers as al-Taftazani, al-Dawwani, and Sadr aI-Din al-Dashtaki qave offered various solutions to that problem. Among Western logicians, solution of Russe1 and Tarskis theorem are considered the most well-known contemporary solutions. Following a comparative critical investigation of those solutions, an acceptable expounding of the theory of correspondence, based on the theory of "real fundamentality of existence" and the philosophical rule of "union of the intelligent with the intelligible" of Mulla Sadra, will be offered in such a way that no presented problem can shake it.
 
Keyword(s): TRUTH, THE THEORY OF CORRESPONDENCE, THE LIAR PARADOX, EPISTEMOLOGY OF MULLA SADRA.
 
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