Paper Information

Journal:   MAQALAT WA BARRASIHA   Spring-Summer 2004 , Volume 37 , Number 75(1); Page(s) 95 To 120.
 
Paper: 

A CASE-STUDY OF INFLUENCE OF THE QURAN UPON PERSIAN LITERATURE (BAHAR*S POEMS)

 
 
Author(s):  SABZIANPOUR VAHID
 
* 
 
Abstract: 
Mohammad Taqi Bahar(1265-1330 S.A.H.), known as malekoshsl1oara (king of poets), is int1uenced by content and diction of the Holy Quran in his works especially his early poems. In his poems, he benefits from Quranic verses and concepts in seven ways. Adapting Quranic conceptswithout using the word; using one Ouranic word, or a part of a verse, in order to convey concept of the verse; applying Ouranic special terms and expressions instead of Farsi words; narrating a whole verse in order to convey the term and the meaning; changing verses slightly in order to make them appropriate to the rhyme of the poem, and using allusive references are those seven ways. Verses found in his Divan are mostly of doctrinal and moral concepts. In the allusion to prophets, application of verses often appears in description of usual affairs of life and mostly in the form of analogy and symbolism. Transformations of thought in his life gradually directs him from religious, Ouranic thoughts to patriotism, struggle against despotism, and modernity in such a way that the int1uence of the Ouran in his poems is reduced and they are employed in the description of life affairs.
 
Keyword(s): OURAN, MOHAMMAD TAQI BAHAR, TRANSFORMATIONS OF BAHAR*S POETRY.
 
References: 
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