Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF KERMANSHAH UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES (BEHBOOD)   Fall 2003 , Volume 7 , Number 3; Page(s) 60 To 66.
 
Paper: 

PREVALENCE AND RISK FACTORS OF HEPATITIS C INFECTION IN HEMODIALYSIS PATIENTS (KERMANSHAH ,1999 - 2000)

 
 
Author(s):  SABOUR B.*, BOROUMAND P., MEHRABI YAD ELAH, GHANBARI M., ZARRINFAM H.
 
* Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
 
Abstract: 

Background& Objectives: Hepatitis C virus is one of the recently discovered viruses that tend to cause chronic liver disease. Hepatitis C is one of the most common types of viral hepatitis, cirrhosis and carcinoma of liver in hemodialysis patients. The most important Risk factors of Hepatitis C in dialysis patients are blood transfusion, duration of dialysis and kidney transplantation .Today, nosocomial transmission of hepatitis C in dialysis centers is an important problem. This study was aimed to determine prevalence and risk factors of hepatitis C among dialysis patients in kermanshah province.
Materials and Methods: This descriptive analytic study was done by census sampling among all of the dialysis patients .Data collection was based upon a questionnaire and laboratory experiment. Diagnosis was made by detecting the anti HCV antibody using the third generation Elisa method. The collected data were analyzed by t and X2 tests.
Results: The prevalence of HCV was 26.4%.There was significant correlation between the existence of HCV infection and duration of dialysis (P<0.001), blood transfusion (P<0.01), kidney Transplantation (P<0.001), history of surgery (P<0.005). There was no significant correlation between HCV infection and age, sex, history of hepatitis B Vaccination, dentistry procedure, tattooing, and phlebotomy.
Discussion: The prevalence of hepatitis C was the same as in other studies abroad but in comparison with community prevalence role of Hemodialysis is significant; the study showed that Hemodialysis is a risk factor for getting Hepatitis C

 
Keyword(s): HEPATITIS C, HEMODIALYSIS, HCV, KERMANSHAH
 
References: 
  • ندارد
 
  Persian Abstract Yearly Visit 68
 
Latest on Blog
Enter SID Blog