Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF KERMANSHAH UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES (BEHBOOD)   Summer 2003 , Volume 7 , Number 2; Page(s) 60 To 65.
 
Paper: 

THE FIRST REPORT OF PNEUMOCYSTIS CARINI PNEUMONIA IN A PATIENT WITH HIV INFECTION IN KERMANSHAH

 
 
Author(s):  JANBAKHSH A.R., SAYAD B., MIKAILI A.
 
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Abstract: 

Background and Objective: Pneumocystis carini pneumonia is one of the most important opportunistic infections in patients with HIV/AIDS. Occurrence of this disease reflects marked immunodeficiency and a CD4 count of less than 200 per microliter of serum.
Case report: A 25 years old HIV positive man was referred to the Sina hospital with aspiration pneumonia following a suicide. Because of severe dyspnea, cyanosis, continuous fever and cough, and lack of response to ordinary treatments, pneumocystis carini pneumonia was suspected and proved by sputum examination. The patient s condition improved after 2 weeks of therapy, but soon after discharge, clinical deterioration occurred and the patient died within 24 hours.
Discussion: The patient's death may be the result of lack of therapeutic compliance by the patient, or concomitant occurrence of other opportunistic infections. Occurrence of such diseases as pneumocystis carini pneumonia may suggest beginning of a new stage in HIV/AIDS epidemic. In the future, we may see other opportunistic infections and unusual diseases in the HIV/AIDS patients in Kermanshah.

 
Keyword(s): HIV, PNEUMOCYSTIS CARINI, KERMANSHAH
 
References: 
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