Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF CURRENT OPHTHALMOLOGY   2004 , Volume 17 , Number 2; Page(s) 24 To 33.
 
Paper: 

COMPARISON OF ANTERIOR CHAMBER DEPTH MEASUREMENT WITH A-SCAN ULTRASONOGRAPHY, ORBSCAN II AND IOLMASTER

 
 
Author(s):  HASHEMI H., FOTOUHI A.*
 
* Epidemiology & Biostatistics Department, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
 
Abstract: 

The present data indicate that the prevalence of myopia has been increasing in many countries and in some areas like eastern Asia myopia will be an important public health problem by the next two decades and its clinical economical and social impacts will be prominent. On the other hand, while there are many evidences for the role of genetic in myopia, the observed association between myopia and other factors like near work, intelligence, education, height, occupation, nutrition, sex, age, etc indicates the role of environmental factors in myopia. Considering easy correction of the problem with glasses and contact lens it has received low priority from public health point of view. There are no effective modalities for prevention and progression of the disease. However, evolution of the surgical techniques for correction of myopia like corneal surgery and intraocular lenses has provided effective treatment for the error. Regarding the mentioned points, the epidemiology of myopia has retracted considerable attention recently. This review discusses on the studies about myopia, its distribution in the world, the evidences about its etiology, control and prevention.

 
Keyword(s): MYOPIA, PREVALANCE, TEHRAN, EPIDEMIOLOGY
 
References: 
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