Paper Information

Journal:   HORMOZGAN MEDICAL JOURNAL   Winter 2004 , Volume 7 , Number 4; Page(s) 217 To 222.
 
Paper: 

PHARMACOGNOSTICAL EVALUATIONS OF SESAME SEEDS

 
 
Author(s):  SHAMS ARDAKANI M.R.*, MONAJJEMI F., FARJADMAND F.
 
* DEPARTMENT OF PHAMACOGNOSY SCHOOL OF PHARMACY, TEHRAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, TEHRAN. IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Introduction: Sesame seed (Sesamum indicum L.) is one of indigenous plants of tropical Africa and Asia that is used widely in several food, pharmaceutical and cosmetics industries.
Method & Material: In this descriptive study, pharmacognostical examination of the Iranian sesame was achieved. The results are presented by using descriptive methods.
Results: Chemical screening of the sesame seeds gave positive reactions for steroids, lignans, oils, proteins, gums and mucilages and some anions and cations. The results of our quantitative assays on some natural constituents showed that the amount of gums and mucilages were 0.007% and 3.653%, respectively. Acid, saponification, iodine and peroxide values and unsaponification percent of Iranian sesame oil were 0.25, 192.19, 108.37, 3.10 and 1.25%, respectively.
Conclusion: Most quantitative and qualitative characteristics of Iranian sesame are comparable with world standards.

 
Keyword(s): PHARMACOGNOSY, SESAME OIL, SEEDS
 
References: 
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